We're going to start the opening session immediately. So I would like to call up on the stage Mr. Eber Betanzos Torres, Undersecretary of public Administration, of Mexico.
Thank you very much. Following the conclusion of the Opening Ceremony, we will now proceed with the welcome remarks made by representatives of all stakeholder groups. We have 18 people who will each speak for a maximum of 5 minutes. The speaking order was determined by a public draw yesterday afternoon in Workshop Room 1.
>> Torres. It is my pleasure to give the floor to the first speaker of the 11st session of the IGF 2016, Malcolm Johnson, Secretary‑General, ITU.
[ Applause ]
>> M. JOHNSON: Don't need that.
Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, good afternoon.
It's a great pleasure for me to be with you here in the beautiful sit testify of Guadalajara, six years after the city hosted the ITU Plenipotentiary Conference of 2010. The ITU Secretary‑General Houlin Seo is very disappointed not to be here with you. He sends you his very best wishes for a successful IGF and he thanks the Mexican Government for hosting this meeting. Also, congratulates UNDESA for its excellent organization of this Conference.
As Mr. Zhao mentioned at the ICANN meeting in Marrakesh earlier this year, it's very important to keep the Internet as a global, stable, common good for all, and he promised that ITU would continue to contribute to strengthen it.
So dear friends, the ICT Sector is increasingly important for environmentally sustainable social and economic development, and it's now widely recognized that ICTs will be essential for the achievement of the UN's 17 Sustainable Development Goals. Good collaboration, cooperation, and coordination between the various bodies and stakeholders, agencies, businesses and academe yacht that make up the ICT ecosystem is essential if these Sustainable Development Goals are going to be achieved.
And this is why the ITU as the UN lead Agency for information and communication technologies and telecommunications has always supported the IGF and will continue to do so. The IGF plays a very important role as a platform for exchanging ideas and best practices, to further progress in bringing the benefits of the information and knowledge society to all people.
As is reflected in ITU's annual Measuring the Information Society Report which was launched last month, and ranks countries according to their ICT development according to 11 different indicators, it's pleasing to note that there has been significant development over the last year in the extension of the ICTs. However, half the world still remains unconnected, and great disparities continue to exist, especially in the least developed countries, where only one out of 7 people is connected. ITU takes this very seriously, as ITU has the goal of connecting the unconnected, and its core mission is to close the digital divide.
The last ITU Plenipotentiary Conference set a number of ambitious goals for connectivity, and this is included in what we call the Connect 2020 Agenda. This will be a major contribution to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. And to help achieve this, ITU has joined and has formed a number of global strategic partnerships, including the world economic Forum's Internet for All, and the U.S. Government's global connect initiative. Where we have found gaps, we have encouraged the establishment of global multistakeholder partnerships. One recent one is what we call EQUALS, the global partnership for gender equality in the digital age. This was recently launched by ITU and UN Women. And ITU regularly convenes global community to discuss and identify solutions, in particular the annual World Summit on the Information Society Forum, held in Geneva each year, which is co‑organised between ITUbeUNESCO and UNCTAD, and UNDP. It's the largest ICT for Development Conference in the world, and serves as a platform for discussing the role of ICTs as a means of achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.
The recent ITU Telecommunication Standardization Assembly gave further impetus to ITU's work on standards, in particular the network standards which will be necessary to support cloud computing, Internet of Things, 5G, and smart sustainable cities. The ITU Telecom World event which was held last month in Bangkok serves as a platform for accelerating ICT innovation for social and economic development through offering the possibility for startup companies and small and medium enterprises to show case their products, and to network with other companies and Governments. So these events together with the IGF and similar events around the world all have the same goal: To ensure the active participation of people and countries around the world in the development and the use of the Internet and ICTs, more generally.general IANA transition on September 30th was an important milestone in the management of the critical Internet resources.
On behalf of the ITU Secretary‑General I convey our best wishes to go ran Marby and his team as they embark on the implementation phase, and we look forward to strengthening the relationship between ICANN and ITU to our mutual benefit. ITU is open and willing to work with all stakeholders to ensure a more equitable, accessible and trustworthy Internet for all. So thank you very much for your attention and I wish you a very productive and enjoyable IGF. Thank you.
[ Applause ]
>> C. MASANGO: Thank you very much, Deputy Secretary‑General. Now I would like to call upon Ms. Lynn St. Amour, Chair of the Internet Governance Forum, multistakeholder Advisory Group.
[ Applause ]
>> L. ST. AMOUR: Your Excellencies, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen, buneos tarreds. The 11th IGF marks the first IGF following the 10 year mandate renewal by the United Nations General Assembly and we're particularly happy to be here in Jalisco, giving Mexico's early support for renewing the mandate and the early commitment to host IGF 2016 and let me also take this opportunity to again thank Member States for their support for the renewal of the IGF's mandate. As we start the second decade of the IGF expectations are high. It's the first time since the IGF's inception we have a long and fairly clear runway ahead of us. While there was clear and strong support for the extension of the IGF's mandate there were also calls in the WSIS+10 outcome Document for us to accelerate the implementation of the recommendations from the CSTD Working Group on improvements to the IGF, and there were specific calls for the IGF to continue to show progress on working modalities and the participation of relevant stakeholders from developing countries.
This year's theme is Enabling Inclusive and Sustainable Growth. It acknowledges the calls made in the WSIS+10 outcome Document while also recognizing the very important goals set out in the 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development, particularly important given ICT's role as an enabler in virtually all the SDG goals. I believe the IGF is making progress in these areas and hope it seems that way to all of you as well. Looking at the IGF agenda, one can see how much of it is focused on addressing inclusion, various digital divides or complex policy issues, to name only a few.
And with respect to the improvements suggested by the CSTD Working Group on IGF improvements or to the calls in the WSIS+10 outcome documents if Document some steps have already been taken and thank the Chair of the CSTD for recognizing these efforts in his comments in an earlier session today.
Staying on this point of improvements of what many call continue you'll evolution earlier this year the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs UNDESA organised a retreat on advancing add 10 year mandate. This retreat is part of the community's on going process aimed at continually improving the IGF. Other efforts as part of this process focus on strengthening the intersessional activities to provide more tangible outcomes. These intersessional activities currently are the best practice Forums, the Dynamic Coalitions, and the policy options for connecting enabling the next billions initiative. Other efforts were working more substantially with National and Regional IGF initiatives or the NRIs, improving remote participation capabilities, and increased support to newcomers and youth programmes, again to name just a few of the efforts.
Returning to the retreat, participants came from all stakeholder groups. The proceedings from the retreat were published several months ago in a lengthy public consultation period followed. That consultation continues through this IGF and there's a slot during the taking stock session on Friday afternoon for this.
Post‑this consultation, the process will be launched with the IGF community to advance the findings from the retreat. One thing though has become quite clear: From the retreat proceedings as well as from discussions within the MAG, and the broader community, and that is the need and the desire to work to a longer time frame for many of our efforts. We now have a longer runway in establishing a multiyear strategic level IGF Program will help us improve and strengthen not only the annual IGF but all the intersessional activities as well.
We've just begun the second decade of the IGF, and as I said earlier, expectations are high across all stakeholders. This would seem then to be a good opportunity to remained everyone that the IGF is an extra‑budgetary project of the UN. Meaning that the preparation of the Forum and support to the year‑round intersessional work relies on voluntary contributions, on donations, and not UN member fees.
This can in fact be a fairly limiting factor on what the IGF can achieve, so we'll be looking to increase support to the work of the IGF through both traditional and more innovative ways, and any and all suggestions are welcome.
The IGF makes important contributions in so much areas, such as expanding access, social inclusion, and economic growth, and working to close many of the digital divides, promoting Human Rights, and we look forward to accelerating developments in these areas the and so many more. Finally, this year's IGF again set new benchmarks, while time doesn't allow me to enumerate them here we'll make sure they're featured in the Chair's report at the end of the meeting. On a personal note I'd like to thank all those who helped me this year in the role of MAG Chair. I'd also like to recognize the efforts of and thank the MAG Members, the IGF sec stair yacht, UNDESA, and of course the donors and Government of Mexico for their roles in making this IGF a success. Finally a very big thank you to the community for all who work so hard to make this IGF another great event and to all those here and online for all the passion and hard work, and I hope you can tell just how much all that support has meant to me this past year. Thank you. Or late hours.
[ Applause ]
Thank you. The next speaker is Mr. Hasanul Haq Inu, Minister of Information, Government of Bangladesh.
[ Applause ]
>> H. INU: Thank you. Mr. Chair, dignitaries, Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen. As you know the ICTs are key enablers of development across all pillars of Sustainable Development and inclusive growth, but at this point, the present digital economy is developing without a proper digital infrastructure, and without a proper legal regulatory technical regimes. Internet is making a glass house which needs security added with trust. Otherwise, the glass house will be compromised.
Three, there is also democracy deficit in the governance of net and multistakeholderism is yet not properly limited for the societal and technological vulnerabilities.
Five concentration of National e‑Commerce is a threat to the tax revenues of the global south.
Six, digital market economy is in place, and it is expanding globally without a proper legal regulatory framework.
Seven, the great divides are still there, the rural divide, the poor connected and unconnected, north and south, et cetera. The challenge still exists to connect the unconnected, the last billion and the next billion.
Nine, the world is still bogged down by three illiteracies: Language illiteracy, information illiteracy and ICT illit Rahty 10, there is new development but cyberspace is threatened by cybercriminals and terrorists and there is a tendency to mill tries it.
11, besides these, the world is facing 6 major issues: Poverty, ICT, environment and Climate Change, gender disparity, SDGs and terrorism. All these problems need to be addressed and we can enhance inclusive growth and Sustainable Development. For this, we need to agree on a policy paradigm shift to incorporate and coordinate the role of the State and National needs and social needs with market forces and entrepreneurships.
It is a four dimensional model which will ensure inclusiveness and sustainability with green and Digital Development. For me for announcing Sustainable Development, we need Internet, which is affordable, accessible, efficient, resilient, reliable. Interoperable, functional, stable, secure, as well as scalable in the long run. We need sustainable inclusive for people Internet. For this I propose 10‑point Action Plan and followed by three global level international treaties.
Ladies and gentlemen, to make the Internet sustainable and inclusive I propose 10 points.
Number one, affordable. Two, accessible. Three, safe. Which will include reliability of hardware and software, privacy and Data Protection, et cetera, et cetera.
Four, to adopt enabling laws to remove international ‑‑ Internet application blocks at National and international level. Five, removing democracy deficit in the governance of Internet. Six, capacity building and institution building. And ICT literacy. Eight, content developing in mother tongue and nine digital economy and trade which will harmonize global trade and National trade. Ten, Internet be made basic human right.
Having said that I say that we need to agree on three global treaties. One is global Treaty on cyberpolicy, two, global Treaty on cyber security and a global agreement on Democratic governance and multistakeholder governance of Internet. Having said that let me conclude, now it is a time to see where the time arose with an Internet that is sustainable both denouncing yes to Human Rights, no to terrorism, and Cybercrime.
Let Internet be instrument of peace and development, not an instrument of terror. Thank you very much.
[ Applause ]
>> C. MASANGO: Thank you very much, Minister. I'd like now to invite Siyabonga Cwele, Minister of Telecommunications and Postal Services, South Africa.
>> Cwele: Members of Internet communities, ladies and gentlemen, it is with great honor to join you all at this 11th Internet Governance Forum in this beautiful city of Guadalajara. I would like to congratulate His Excellency, the President, the Government and the people of Mexico for their unprecedented hospitality. We gather here under renewed mandate given by the UN General Assembly, who reaffirmed this Internet Governance Forum as an important platform to enhance engagement of stakeholders on Internet Governance, especially those from developing countries.
To this effect, the mandate of the IGF was extended for another 10 years, so it will enable, ensure that we ‑‑ the digital divide that currently exists among developed and developing countries, urban and rural areas within countries, as well as between men and women, are, or is eradicated.
If we are to achieve a people centered inclusive and development orientated knowledge economy, enabling individuals and communities to achieve their full potential in promoting their Sustainable Development and improving their quality of life, then we must put Internet development for all at the center of our collective Program of actions. By end of this month, UN Broadband Commission estimate that 3.6 billion people will be connected to the Internet while 3.9 many from developing countries will remain unconnected. It also alerted us to the widening gender divide, digital divide. The Internet is a key enabler for development, and is a catalyst for accelerating the outcomes of all three pillars of Sustainable Development, namely, economic development, social inclusion, and Environmental Protection. We need public‑private partnership and co‑initiative to address this divide.
As a member of the international community, we must share collective responsibility to ensuring that action translate to tangible ICT investment and equitable allocation of resources to the developing countries.
We must improve Internet access and affordability of ICT Application and services to the citizens, especially to the marginalized groups such as women, people living with disability, and youth. For this to happen, we must transform the Internet and its management and operations into a truly global multilateral resource. This means encouraging investment in affordable and reliable electricity for those who come from developing countries, investment in broadband infrastructure to drive uptake, the development of locally relevant content and applications to ensure usage, developing fairer standards to promote innovation in developing countries, including the capacity to manufacture end‑user equipment.
South Africa like other developing nations do not want to miss the revolution. Want to be at the forefront of its benefit while minimizing the potential negative impact on job creation. We are encouraging advancement and incentivizing international companies to locate their original innovation in South Africa. We have revised National policies to encourage ICT investment. We have a National ICT Forum which brings together all National stakeholders and assists us in our policy implementation.
Wi‑fi is being used, public wi‑fi is being used as a means of ensuring basic Internet access for the poor. We are now focusing on infrastructure rollout to underserved areas. Reliable connectivity and innovation are no longer nice to have, but essential tools for development.
I agree with more entrepreneurs who say it may not actually cost us so much. As some predict because individuals and businesses are ready to pay for broadband even in Africa, because they receive better utility as citizen and provide higher chance for companies who are willing to inhavest in such markets.
Ours is to ensure enabling environment. Let me conclude Program Director by emphasizing that it is possible to connect every global citizen by 2030. It is a function of robust networks use innovation, converting local content into economic opportunity and affordable data and services. It is about human solidarity, to connect the global poor.
Digital divide like poverty is not natural for Africa, and it will be overcome. We draw our strength from our former President Nelson Mandela whose encouraging words, who said, I quote: Overcoming poverty is not a task of charity. It is an act of justice. Like slavery and apartheid, poverty is not natural. It is manmade, and can be overcome and eradicated by actions of human beings.
Sometimes it falls on a generation to be great. You can be that generation. Let your greatness blossom as we connect the last 100 to the Internet. I thank you very much.
[ Applause ]
>> Torres: Thank you. The next speaker is Ms. Megan Richards, Principal Advisor in DG CONNECT, European Commission.
[ Applause ]
>> M. Richards: Good afternoon everyone. To be here in Mexico especially with the new mandate of the IGF for the next 10 years which Mexico supported very strongly. We're very pleased to be here. Unfortunately the Vice President who was planning to come here and has been a great supporter of the IGF was not able to be here today but he sends his very best greetings and wishes for a very successful Conference. It's particularly important that this IGF takes place in Mexico with the theme of enabling an inclusive Sustainable Development. Mexico as I said has been supporting very much the multistakeholder approach and it's very useful and important that we have this multistakeholder meeting here in a thriving, dynamic economy and also the first one that takes place after the IANA transition, which so many of you have worked on with a lot of devotion, many hours, a lot of hair‑pulling. It wasn't easy but it was achieved and I want to mention also the importance of the contribution of the U.S. Government in making this happen and in allowing it to take place. But of course, it is the first success of the multistakeholder approach. We have to make it work now. Now is our challenge to make sure this really works well and I throw that challenge out to all of you to ensure that we continue on this very good path.
Europe has been supporting the multistakeholder approach to Internet Governance for many years. This is something that has supported not just politically by the European Parliament, by the Council of Ministers, by the European Commission, by all the Member States of the European Union, but we also contribute financially to the Secretariat and we have done in the last ten years and will continue into the future. We have a strong and vibrant Internet Governance environment, and community, in Europe but this goes far beyond Europe's borders and we recognize and participate very actively in all the global efforts in Internet Governance. In fact, today there are 12 Members of the European Parliament participating. We've never had such a large Delegation add an Internet Governance Forum and it shows how important we think this is for the future of the Internet.
In Europe, we are developing and building a digital single market, and the Internet is at the backbone of the digital single market. It's the intention to improve the digital economy and society and the Internet is really at the base of that so this is one of the reasons why we think that the Internet is so important and its governance is particularly important.
And the digital single market is not something that is intended to make Europe a closed fortress. On the contrary. The introduction and establishment and development and rollout of a real digital single market will make Europe an even better global player, much more open to the rest of the world, much easier to trade with, especially with respect to digital goods and services, and this is the future. We've seen what a dramatic change and improvement over the last 20 years the Internet has brought to all of us in terms of improving the economy and also enabling society.
And that's what I want to bring now the discussion on the Sustainable Development Goals, because as I said, the digital single market by using enabling technologies is addressing most of those Sustainable Development Goals not just in Europe, but also beyond. And we have seen how important the use of information and communication technologies are in driving forward and achieving those goals.
The introduction and development of our information and communication technologies and bringing digital technology into our development assistance is also a very important element. Europe is the biggest development aid donor and we have just in the last few weeks made even more commitments to making sure that digital technologies are embedded in that development assistance, and that we work together with everyone around the world to ensure that this multistakeholder approach to supporting the Internet and making sure that it grows and develops properly, and brings solutions to ensuring that we achieve the Sustainable Development Goals is really carried out over the next years.
So all stakeholders have a voice in making sure that the Internet works, in making sure that the Sustainable Development Goals are achieved, and I want to make a special plea to all of you in this room, but also to the next generation. Over the past 20 years, when and while the Internet has really become more of a mainstream communicating facility, economic facility, and improved the lives of so many people, we have to make sure that the future which lies with you has the Internet as its core, and a solid, robust, and stable Internet that we can all trust and use.
So I throw that challenge out to you. We are here to help and to contribute and to participate as we always have with all the stakeholders on an equal footing. Thank you.
[ Applause ]
>> C. MASANGO: Thank you very much. It's now my pleasure to give the floor to our next speaker, Mr. Goran Marby, CEO and President of ICANN.
[ Applause ]
>> G. Marby: Thank you. First I would like to thank Mexico and IGF for having me here. I really love this event. And as you know, ICANN is a very strong supporter of this event, and it's not only because we see this as one of the most important places to discuss Internet progress but it's based on something that we think is very important: The multistakeholder model and its process.
It's been spoken about but in the heart of this it's the multistakeholder model, a model we now know actually works and again I'd like to take the opportunity to thank you all for all your support during this process. Without you, it wouldn't have happened. And actually without you, it shouldn't have happened.
The multistakeholder model made the decision that so many people came together in so many countries for such a long time. No one has seen anything like it before. It is like a big peace project.
I also think that the multistakeholder model has done something else during this time. It actually creates credibility and accountability because what we at ICANN can do now if we're accountable for a multistakeholder model with a lot of people involved in it and that's more than being accountable just to a company or an organization or actually to a Government.
But we're not done yet. We have to continue to develop the same way as Internet develops itself. We need you not to stop now. Here in this event now looking forward to all the discussions you're having because you're hear to form how people are using Internet, which is really, really what Internet is for. We will continue to support IGF at all levels ‑‑ Regional, local, whatever it is and we will also continue to work together with other UN bodies and thank you very much, Malcolm, for your remarks as well. We will also continue to work with the WSIS Forum and also with UNESCO.
Because today, we have 3.6 billion users, on one interconnected system. This is what you've created. This works according to plan as usually Steve says. And we're going to add more people and the Internet is going to change when we add more people to it. With your help, with your work, with your passion going forward I don't foresee any major problems. Thank you very much.
[ Applause ]
>> E.B. TORRES: Thank you, Mr. Marby. The next speaker is Ms. Anita Gurmuthy, Executive Director, IT for Change.
>> A. Gurmuthy: Respected colleagues and dear friends, most of us who come back to the IGF year after year share a dream, a dream that the Internet as a cherished innovation can make possible a society that's free and equal. With 10 IGFs behind us, we need to ask ourselves how well we have done. Let's take access. Over 40% of the 7.5 billion people on this planet are connected. However, we are told that connectivity rates are slowing down.
But this may not be a cause for worry. The network will get to the last woman anyway. Never mind if it is rudimentary and of poor quality. Never mind if it is zero rated. A global immersive, invisible networked computing environment builds through the marvels of the cloud massive data centers and proliferation of smart everythings will soon be upon us. The world will be connected by 2025.
My submission as we begin our deliberations on inclusive and Sustainable Growth at this IGF is that since 2005, as we have been busying ourselves to bring access to all, a mission creep has overtaken us. A totalizing net of surveillance has annexed the planet, rapidly unfolding society and sociality. The unfreedoms of the Internet are not just about exclusion, but the December pottism of a ‑‑ despotism of a datafied world. There was a time when those who could manipulate media manipulated elections. Now they're taking over electoral processes and media. Welcome to post truth on the post human planet.
The primary problem before us is not a problem of trust, as we are told in every other Internet report, but that of greed. And digital capitalism it is cheaper to give access to people than leave them alone, and so as we stand by watching, the Internet is becoming a rapacious instrument of capture. It is the basis of networked individualism, the motor of a consumptive society where the race for Big Data co‑opts us as willing slaves of limitless goodies.
From a predatory Internet, path downhill can only be a society that self‑cannibalizes. The second problem is that we have forfeited the opportunity that the digital revolution brought us to build a technology of memory that can radically change the power structures of society. The history of every civilization is about its technology of memory. As social memory and cognition are increasingly centralized through the databases and algorithms of state and corporate surveillance we see a crisis of extreme alienation and unprecedented inequality, a world that is fully networked as things stand can neither be sustainable nor inclusive. 2025 is unlikely to be raceless, genderless, castless or classless. This brings us to the third problem: The digital phenomenon is invariably cast as post‑political, as an autonomous force that is best left alone untarnished by human intent. But in conclusion presupposes the rule of law as the Internet redefines, it dislocates the boundaries of existing jurisprudence to pass the test of equality and inclusion, the network data structures scaffolding all institutions need a new philosophy and signs of law and justice.
The current paralysis of global Internet Governance is unsustainable. As the global network finds its way into reality, augmenting it through embedded code and remote control, there is a huge loss of local autonomy. The Internet's logic is inherently irreverential of territorial jurisdiction. The absence of a Democratic international plat form to access public ‑‑ reflects a monumental crisis of Government. A platform of corporations, partnerships of AI to benefit society is all set to formulate best practices on artificial intelligence technologies. Industry standards do indeed have a role to play but an Internet that can be individually empowering collectively enriching and eke Lolley restorative is possible only through a Democratic rule of law that can guarantee the mechanisms of accountability and global governance. We need to forge a digital compact. The die logic space of IGF is indeed a unique venue for public deliberation but we need a robust political process to develop global norms and policies for the Internet as required by the Tunis Agenda.
The task for Civil Society is cut out. Unless social movements can come together to reimagine an alternative Internet one that promotes diverse universes under the Internet will not be possible. Our wisdom is getting colonized. It is time for a new politics of Internet Governance. At the risk of sounding tech no deterministic I would like to say to you all, if we can save the Internet, we may perhaps be able to save the planet. Now, let's look to our neighbor and begin a conversation. Do they know there is a question here? Do they understand the now or never imperative? Friends before I say thank you, I would like to lend my voice of support to the statement issued by my Mexican Civil Society colleagues during the IGF about their Human Rights concerns.
I believe that the Internet must be protected as a bastion of democracy, it cannot become an instrument to undermine Human Rights. Now I say thank you.
[ Applause ]
>> C. MASANGO: Thank you very much, Ms. Gurmuthy.
Now I'd like to give the floor to Mr. Omar Mansoor an carry, President of technician Afghanistan.
>> O. Mansoor: Hola, Mexico. Your Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen. My name is Omar Mansoor Ansari and I'm President of technation, a Kabul based technology. A new MAG member and I'm honored to be speaking to you on behalf of the business community. But before I begin, I'd like to engage with you in an exercise. Will you do it with me? Will you do it with me? Okay. The world exists because there are good people like you. Okay. Now, I'd like the people, except for the first and second row, to stand up. Please stand up.
That's the population of underserved developing world. And this is huge. These are the young people in our planet. The women, the poor. These are the people when it comes to business, these are the startups and SMEs who innovate and create technologies solutions for the most critical problems we face.
By the way, these are the rich people. They're from developed countries.
[ Laughter ]
And I'd like all of us to be sitting with them. Thank you.
Ladies and gents, in order to provide an Internet that's one and for all, we need to engage the underserved population. If we're thinking about connecting the next billions, we need to take committed actions to serving and engaging the local communities in the developing economies. Let me share with you the Afghanistan case because that's where I belong.
Internet in Afghanistan costs $300 per MBPS, a connection, making it completely unaffordable for the Afghans. The majority of whom are living under the poverty line. While the same bandwidth in the U.S. is $5, in Japan it's less than half a dollar. This is how and why our education, business, and society in Afghanistan cannot enhance the way we want it.
Dear colleagues, this is not the Afghan problem alone. There are so many other people and economies that are affected by lack of access to the Internet, access to education, especially for women, job opportunities, inadequate policies to facilitate investment, and support innovators and entrepreneurs to nurture and grow. And issues such as cybersecuritythreats, cross‑border data flows, and access to other basic needs. In short, the very challenges the sustainable Development Goals, the SDGs are developed to address.
Dear colleagues, the business community calls for action to address these challenges, as we see them critically important for an equitable and Sustainable Development across regions. However, we also understand that a single stakeholder group would not be able to address these alone, thus we call for partnerships in collaboration among diverse stakeholders to address these and many more challenges our people face in developing and developed countries.
The IGF makes this collaboration possible by providing an excellent platform for enhancing dialogues and discussions across different stakeholder groups. And that's why I'd like to congratulate the IGF community for their tireless work during the first decade of the IGF and getting the endorsement of the United Nations to get the extension. This extension gives us new opportunities to plot our course for fulfilling the vision of the Tunis Agenda and to take up the critical integration and synergy between the IG and the SDGs.
Dear colleagues, the IGF has truly deepened my knowledge and understanding of the Internet issues. And I am still learning. When I see many young faces and newcomers in the hall, that reminds me of my participation at the WSIS 2003 as a member of the youth caucus. I was excited, I was learning, but confused at the same time.
I want to invite you, the newcomers and youth, to continue to be part of the IGF family to contribute to your local communities and actively engage with us on global level. Dear colleagues, I want to wrap up by wrapping on behalf of the business community the efforts of the Mexican Government for hosting us and also for their dedication to the IGF throughout the years.
I also recognize and appreciate the UN officials, Governments and IGOs representatives from civil, private, and technical communities who made it possible for all of us to come together in the spirit of partnership and collaboration, to address the most critical challenges we are facing today.
May we see more Internet Governance partnerships that are aligned to the SDGs and in the developing countries. Thank you for your attention.
[ Applause ]
>> E.B. TORRES: Thank you Mr. Mansoor an Tsarry. The next speaker is Mr. Shigeki Suzuku, Vice‑Minister for Policy Coordination, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Government of Japan.
>> S. Suzuki: I would like to extend gratitude to everyone making tremendous efforts to host this Forum. I greatly appreciate that we could reaffirm the importance of the Internet Governance Forum, IGF, as a space that facilitates a discussion and dialogue of Public Policy issues on the Internet Governance, was confirmed at the WSIS 10 High Level Meeting in December 2015. It's my great pleasure to attend this Forum.
IGF has been functioning very effectively as an opportunity to gather multistakeholders and deepen the discussion over various issues surrounding the Internet that has been changing with times, including global issues such as a sustainable environment, aging society, poverty and so on. As I mentioned in the beginning, the IGF for years was decided as the WSIS+10 High Level Meeting held in December last year, it is our understanding that this renewal is the result of the fact that IGF as a place for the free and open discussion was recognized to play an important role in the development of the Internet worldwide in the future, and the achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. In order to enable us to achieve the main theme of the Forum, that is Inclusive and Sustainable Growth. Through our discussions at IGF, it is essential for us to participate proactively in the discussion at IGF. In the meantime, we should cooperate with Regional Internet Governance Forums and train young people as the Youth IGF so that they will play active roles in the next generations.
We consider that it is important for IGF to transmit a clearer message to the world through its activities whale taking a more practical initiatives and encouraging the various stakeholders in the world to deepen their discussion over the Internet Governance.
I suppose that it is still fresh in your mind that the contract between the ICANN and the INEA ex paired on December 30th this year and the IANA function has been transferred to the goal multistakeholder community. This transition has a crucial importance indicating indicating continues to be operated by the multistakeholder which include full and active participation by the private sector, Academia, Civil Society, and the Government.
In that sense, Japan sincerely welcomes the IANA function to transitions. Finally I fully expect that discussions contributing to the Internet Governance of the future will be made at this IGFat the first meeting of an important event that is the renewal of IGF decided by the WSIS+10 High Level Meeting and the IANA functions to a transition. Japan as a member of the multistakeholders would like to commit continuously so that the important resources of the Internet will be distributed smoothly.
Therefore, I would like to keep contributing the future of the Internet with you all through fruitful discussion and sharing best practices. Thank you very much.
[ Applause ]
>> C. MASANGO: Thank you very much, Vice‑Minister Suzuki. I will now give the floor to Mr. Lawrence Strickling, Assistant Secretary for Communications and Information and Administration, NTIA, of the United States.
>> L. Strickling: Thank you, we're now at the halfway point I believe so hang in there just a little bit longer. Nearly 20 years ago, the United States promised to privatize the Internet's Domain Name System.
Two years ago, the United States announced its intent to complete the privatization once the multistakeholder community completed a consensus plan for that transition. That transition was discussed in great detail at the IGF in Istanbul in 2014 and again last year in Joao Pessoa.
Today I am pleased to appear at transition was completed as of October 1, 2016.So is United States Government now stands on an equal fatting with all other Governments with respect to ICANN and the Domain Name System. For the past two years, the world has witnessed the power of the multistakeholder model of Internet Governance. In developing the IANA transition plan stakeholders around the world including many of you have provided perhaps the most compelling demonstration the power of the multistakeholder model we have ever witnessed. The challenge now before us is how can we expand and evolve the multistakeholder approach? Can we build on the success of the IANA transition and on the outcome of the 10 year review of the World Summit on the Information Society to tackle other Internet policy challenges and to do this, we must understand and adhere to the attributes of a successful multistakeholder model. Is clear the most effective multistakeholder processes are ones that one, include and integrate the viewpoints of a diverse range of stakeholders ensuring that historically underrepresented groups have a meaningfulful say in the policies that impact them. Two it produces outcomes that are consensus based, reflect compromise and are broadly supported by the stakeholder communities. Three, the agendas are built through bottom‑up contributions rather than delivering top‑down mandates and fourth, the process must earn its legitimacy by practicing openness and transparency and developing an environment of trust. Let me elaborate on the legitimacy point because it is perhaps the most critical component.
Participants must have some trust in those convening the process and a sense that the world at large will accept and recognize the outcome of the process as authoritative.
So where does legitimacy come from?
Often that legitimacy may come from a government or some other "official" entity that convenes the process.
But Government does not have to be the legitimizing force. The NTIA is an example of a multistakeholder body that gained legitimacy organically over the years and did not require the blessing of a government Agency like NTIA. One thing is clear to be accepted as legitimate a process needs to be open to any participant and consciously include a diversity of stakeholders. The Internet thrives today only through the cooperation of many different parties so solving or even meaningfully discussing policy issues in this space requires engaging participants from industry, Civil Society, Governments, technical experts and the academic communities. Absent this openness and diversity it will be difficult to achieve the degree of legitimacy needed for a multistakeholder process to be successful. And at the same time participants must know they will be the ones to make the decision and that it must be a consensus decision.
Expanding and evolving the multistakeholder process also requires a dedicated and concerted effort to educate people about the multistakeholder model.
It is up to those of us who support the model to build greater awareness and understanding of it among key policymakers, business leaders, and others around the world.
When we engage in those educational efforts, we must be direct and upfront and explain that multistakeholder processes are not easy.
They can be chaotic and they do require a serious commitment of time and energy from participants.
But we can point to a record of success.
We can explain that they offer a nimble, flexible approach, and are better suited to rapidly changing technology and markets than traditional regulatory or legislative models.
So I urge you to seize this moment.
Use the momentum generated by the recent success in completing the IANA transition to build on that experience and find opportunities to apply the multistakeholder model to those issues where it has the best chance to succeed.
Throughout this week in Guadalajara, as you engage in discussions with different stakeholders from around the world, consider how you can organize multistakeholder approaches back home in your own community.
Consider how you can join with other stakeholders regionally or globally to demonstrate the value of the multistakeholder Model and continue to engage in the IGF going forward: This annual Forum, the National and Regional initiatives and the important dialogues and intersessional work it fosters.
This is the first IGF in the renewed 10‑year mandate we achieved in the WSIS review last December, and we have nine more years to look forward to continue to expand participation, enrich the dialogue, and, indeed, demonstrate the power of the system for all.
The world is waiting.
Let's get on with the task.
[ Applause ]
>> E.B. TORRES: Thank you, Mr. Strickling. Next up is Mrs. Kathy Brown, President and CEO, Internet Society.
>> K. Brown: Good afternoon. Once again, I'd like to thank the Government of Mexico for hosting this IGF, and the Multistakeholder Advisory Group, and you, Lynn, for putting forth such an excellent agenda.
And to all of you, friends and colleagues, for being here, especially the next generation of Internet leaders, 90 young activists from Mexico, the region, and around the world. Thank you for staying to the end.
The open trusted global Internet has delivered on its promise as a tall to change lives, enhance communities, and to provide essential Human Services. But the progress is uneven and threatened by challenges that have grown just as the Internet itself has grown. I'd like to suggest to you, my friends and colleagues, that now is the time for the Internet Community to confront the most important challenges before us, to advance our shared objective of bringing the Internet to everyone everywhere.
First and foremost, as every speaker before me has said, we have only done half the job. Connecting the unconnected remains a key challenge and deploying infrastructure, increasing usability, and enforcing and ensuring affordability are critical to creating an Internet that is truly for everyone. Today we released a report entitled, beyond the net, showcasing the impact The Internet Society and its partners are making in providing connectivity to the least connected communities. You'll find it on our home page.
We ask you all to join in this effort. At the same time, multiple security issues are damaging user confidence, and have emerged as the existential threat to the future of the Internet. The center society's global Internet report released last weeks calls for urgent attention to the growing problem of data breaches. In addition, issues such as blocking of content, privacy, masseur vail lance ‑‑ mass surveillance, Cybercrime, hacking and fake news are all contributing to what is a growing global erosion of trust amongst users.
It is incumbent upon those of us who build, safeguard, and cherish the global, open Internet to be realistic about both the Internet's strengths and weaknesses. We understand its technical vulnerabilities. And the social and political challenges that are mounting. We can best explain the Internet's openness as a means to protect it. It is the key to robust, flexible, and agile solutions. We can't let policies of fear damage the foundational values that have defined the Internet since its creation. Openness, transparency, and inclusiveness.
At the WSIS review as Larry just spoke, the Governments of the world renewed the commitment to a collective, inclusive model for governing ourselves on the Internet. We have the opportunity now to reinforce this multistakeholder approach, as we address today's pressing issues. Collaboration, not isolation, is the way forward.
We're in a good position because the Internet's governance model and its technical architecture is designed to facilitate collaboration and change. But change will not happen by itself. It will take all of us working together to keep the Internet open and secure for future generations. We have a choice: We can let others take the lead, or we can be resolute and fate for the future we want.
The IGF is an ideal place to come together: Civil Society, Governments, technical experts, and Academia, to find a coherent voice and insist on the model we fought for, and for the Internet we want. We still have time, but there is urgency. Our collective actions today will determine the Internet of opportunity that future generations will inherit, use, and build on. Let's use this meeting in this wonderful place to recommit ourselves to the shared values and shared objective of bringing a global, open, trusted Internet to everyone everywhere. Have a good meeting, and thank you.
[ Applause ]
>> C. MASANGO: Thank you very much, Ms. Kathy Brown. Our next speaker is Mr. Indrajit Banerjee, Director, of the Knowledge Societies Division, of UNESCO.
[ Applause ]
>> I. Banerjee: Excellencies, developed participants, ladies and gentlemen, on behalf of UNESCO, I would like to take this opportunity to express my gratitude to the Mexican Government for hosting the 11th IGF, which is an indication of their commitment to Internet Governance.
We had very fruitful sessions at the pre‑event yesterday and I have an exciting Program ahead of us.
I would also like to thank the dedicated Chair of the IGF, the IGF Secretariat and the Multi‑Stakeholder Advisory Group and all the other contributors for an inclusive, transparent and successful preparatory process.UNESCO is very pleased to contribute for the 11th time to an IGF, particularly now that it has been renewed for another 10 years.
This new medium‑term perspective is a testament to how successful the bottom‑up multi‑stakeholder approach of the IGF has been.
It is also an opportunity to plan further ahead, and we appreciate efforts made by the IGF chair and MAG members trying to take a holistic view of explore what we would like to achieve and cover over the next decade.
For UNESCO, the application and defence of all human rights online, in order, now I quote the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development, "to bridge the digital divide and to develop knowledge societies," unquote, should be one of the pillars of IGF's future work.
Ensuring Human Rights online is a constantly growing challenge and at the same time vital for assuring peace and "enabling inclusive and sustainable growth," the theme of the IGF this year.
While we all know about the evolving Internet opportunities, we are also increasingly aware of the challenges we need to address.
The rise of social media, for example, has opened new avenues for free expression and at the same time, it has given rise to hate‑speech, cyberbullying, the Cybercrime, threats to privacy and many such challenges. It is however not just technology that is developing. The recent IANA transition shows us the fundamental and exciting developments in the area of Internet Governance.
And at UNESCO's 38th General Conference, Member States adopted a new to Internet issues, based on the Outcome Document of the CONNECTing the Dots Conference, which many of you participated in.
This includes the Internet Universality concept and the ROAM principles, which stand for a Human Rights based, Open and Accessible and Multistakeholder‑shaped Internet.
Defending human rights online also means ensuring that access to information and knowledge is truly universal, that we continue to have an Internet, not a "splinternet."
But we need to go far beyond connectivity and infrastructure issues, when we think about universal access.
We need to therefore overcome also barriers in terms of education, of language, of available content, of enabling policies and of capacity. We need to address what are called soft challenges which constitute sometimes the biggest barriers.
We need to recognize that less
women and girls have access to the Internet and that little is done for people with disabilities to access the Internet.there are more than one billion people who suffer from one form of disability or the other and for them access is critical to empowerment and inclusion.
We need to better understand the whys and target our collective action. in that sense the IGF provides us with an excellent platform.
UNESCO is addressing these challenges through numerous activities.
Last year, UNESCO's Member States decided that 28 September is now the International Day for access to information.
UNESCO is also contribution to SDG 16.10 on public access to information, with a number of you as close partners.
At this IGF, UNESCO will be sharing findings from the latest edition of our Internet Freedom Series publications, and our work on the UNESCO Atlas of Languages.
We will be contributing through discussions on judiciary systems, social media and youth radicalisation, and encryption.
Our Open Forum on Thursday will touch on our Internet‑related work on the SDGs, as well as explore topics relating to Internet Universality, on balancing transparency and privacy, and multilingualism and empowering people with disabilities.
There is still a lot of work left to create an online environment where human rights are protected, which is open, multistakeholder‑shaped, and accessible to all.
In this spirit, I wish us productive and constructive changes and effective collaboration for the future of Internet Governance. Thank you for your attention.
[ Applause ]
>> E.B. TORRES: Thank you, Mr. Banerjee. I'd now like to give the floor to Mr. Steve Crocker, CEO and co‑founder of Shinkuro, Chair of the ICANN Board.
[ Applause ]
>> S. Crocker: Thank you all, and thank you very much for the invitation to speak hear, particularly since May colleague, Goran Marby has already spoken about ICANN and I have currently the privilege of being the Chair of the Board of ICANN, but I'll try to speak less about ICANN and more about the Internet as a whole, and to emphasize the positive. And it's going to be a challenge, because almost everything that can be said has already been said. That is the future of the Internet. A friend of mine once said you can find everything on the Internet. It's typed in every day over and over again.
I had the privilege of being part of the origins of this process, going back almost 50 years ago, and a few of us were sitting around a Table not much bigger than sort of the space I'm outlining here trying to figure out what we were going to do with this technology that was being presented to us and we had a blank slate, and not much guidance.
And we established not so much in a carefully thought out way but sort of in an intuitive way a principle of openness that actually evolved into three distinct and very important directions.
One was that from a technical perspective, the architecture needed to be open. We could not anticipate, we did not know, all of the uses, all of the applications that would come into existence, but we knew that there would be many, and that they would be beyond whatever we might conceive of, and so it was vital that in the initial protocols that we defined, that we believed the hooks would leave the access so that it's not a sealed product so to speak but an open platform that people could add to. That led to the idea of protocol layers, and worked out very nicely.
What's important here are the other two elements of openness that emerged. We made all of the documentation, all of the thought processes, all of the dialogue accessible and open to anybody anywhere, free of charge, no problem whatsoever. We didn't even think about it as that being unusual. Later we learned that it was. It's had absolutely dramatic impact.
The other element of openness was open participation. It was not just the few of us who were involved in the initial discussions, but it was an open Forum that grew from a half dozen to a dozen to oh, my God, we've got 50 people, where are we going to put them all? And it grew substantially, of course, past that.
The IETF is sort of the hallmark of that Forum today. Hundreds of Working Groups still working on protocols. You thought all the protocols were built. Not so. 1,000‑plus people, between 1,000 and 2,000 people come to IETF meetings three times a year. IETF is just one of multiple institutions that have grown up in this environment. The Regional Internet Registries, The Internet Society, the Internet service providers, ICANN, more recently, and the IGF, of course.
The creation of these institutions in this open environment is another aspect, another consequence, of the openness, and it is vital to the continued growth, continued evolution, and continued success.
The Internet has affected and transformed almost every aspect of our lives, every aspect of our society. There are obviously some challenges that it has presented. We've heard about security. There are challenges to governance. There are challenges in every aspect, and, of course, these are on top of the enormous benefits and the enormous capabilities that it has brought us.
These will continue, and the challenge I think in front of us is not only to embrace and enhance and strengthen the institutions that we have but yet even to build new institutions that deal with some of the emergent problems where we do not yet have the proper governance mechanisms.
ICANN is a particular solution to a particular problem. I've been very pleased to be strongly involved in it for a long period of time. It sits at the intersection of the openness of the technology and the openness of the governance process, but it is not a solution to everything. It is a solution to the particular tasks that we've set forth and I look forward to and fully expect that just like IGF, just like ICANN, there will be other institutions that get built. You guys are going to do it. Thank you.
[ Applause ]
>> C. MASANGO: Thank you very much, Mr. Correct me if I'm wronger, our next speaker is Mr. Moctar Yedaly, head of the Information Society Division of the African Union Commission.
[ Applause ]
>> M. YEDALY: Excellencies, Ladies and gentlemen:
It is an honor and privilege to be here today and deliver these remarks on behalf of the African Union Commission.
It is always sad when I get into a gathering like that and I don't see many Africans in the room. It's always telling me I still have a long, long way to go.
But having said that, we would like first of all to thank the Government and the people of Mexico for having us here and hosting this great event. Our special thanks to the organisers, specifically the IGF Secretariat and the UNDESA. The African Union Commission believes strongly on the IGF. That's why we are ‑‑ we have and we still host the African Internet Governance Forum Secretariat, and we try to emulate that at each of the levels, meaning at the Regional level what we call the economic ‑‑ the Regional economic communities, and specifically within our countries. So far, most of our countries have constituted the Internet Governance Forums and we have the five Regional economic communities also set up their own Regional Internet Governance Forums. We have hosted the last one in Durban, and there will be a specific session with regard to that specifically on Thursday, and we're invitingology of you to participate on that. The ICTs in general represent a unique opportunity for Africa to transform itself, and specifically to catch up with the rest of the world with regard to education, health, peace, and stability. It is very important for us to make sure that Internet is being used properly to address those socioeconomic challenges we do have specifically to make sure that the governance is actually so appropriate that Africa will not be opening itself because of the lack of contents or because of lack of connectivity to expose itself to so‑called digital colonization. We'd rather be part of the economics to make sure that our programmes with Africa and for Africa are being done properly.
We would like to thank everyone individuals, NGOs, companies, private sector, Internet Governance institutions who are assisting Africa to build their own digital agenda. It is a tremendous work you are all doing, and you are all doing within Africa and Africa is really feeling grateful for that.
This is all I wanted to say from the African Union point of view. Again by returning our thanks to everybody. Our special thanks to one person Larry Strickling. You have been part of the history. You've made the IANA transition happen with all of us. Thank you very much.
[ Applause ]
>> E.B. TORRES: Thank you, Mr. Moctar. The next speaker is Mrs. Maria Fernanda Garza, President and CEO of Orestia, ICC Mexico.
>> M. Garza. Thank you very much. I am chairwoman of the international chamber of commerce in Mexico and a member of the global Board of Directors of ICC. I am also CEO and Founder of several enterprises outside the ICT Sector. I am pleased to be here speaking on behalf of the ICC the world business organization, a global network of 6.5 million companies of all sizes and sectors in 130 and countries. Since 2006, ICC has enabled many representatives from its network to come to the IGF each year under the umbrella of its business action to support the Information Society basis initiative.
To engage with colleagues from Civil Society, Governments, and technical community with the purpose of building common understanding of the opportunities and challenges presented by the evolution of the Information Society and the digital economy. The business Sector that comes to the IGF each year is committed to the goal of the World Summit of Information Society, achieving a common vision: Desire and commitment to build people‑centric, inclusive, and development‑oriented Information Society where everyone can create access, utilize and share information. On this context we see the Internet as a boundless platform for products and services innovation, business opportunities, and social inclusion. A critical enabler of social and economic change, and a facilitator of greater dialogue and collaboration between Governments, business, and citizens.
Internal influence on access, diversity, trust, openness, security rights, and multistakeholder participation will impact our ability to manage socioeconomic aspects of Sustainable Development. Therefore, Internet Governance is a critical dialogue in shaping the evolution of global communication and knowledge, which is necessary for inclusive and Sustainable Growth. The IGF chose for its 2016 theme: Enabling inclusive and Sustainable Growth and we cannot think of a more fitting topic for the Internet Community to focus its collective energy on.
It is my understanding that on this first year of the IGF's new 10‑year mandate, IGF has taken some important steps to pursuing inclusivity in the event itself and in the Program. This has been done both through outreach and active engagement of National and Regional initiatives. It has also been achieved through community‑driven intercession activities and best practices Forum work.
In its aim to be more inclusive the IGF not only faces outward with outstretched arms but rallies the global Internet Community to engage with local communities. This is important to raise awareness and to develop an understanding of why the topics we are addressing here at the IGF are important locally.
It also informs on how to engage and be part of the conversation. I would like to encourage all communities represented here to continue this active effort to bring in new voices and that will enrich our discussion. Last year, ICC acted as key focal point for business in the many processes that led to the creation of the 2030 development agenda and its landmark Sustainable Development Goals. We recognize that to reach the SDGs, we need to harness the potential of ICT to accelerate Sustainable Development.
ICC basis wants to celebrate inclusion and share an example on how ICT can contribute to SDG number 10: 10 reduce inequalities. That's why we have supported the participation in the ‑‑ the social enterprise laboratory at this year's IGF. Laboratory empowers young women from low income backgrounds in several Latin American countries by giving them access to education and jobs in the digital Sector. The private Sector, it is committed to playing its part in advancing this agenda with other stakeholders. This includes helping to ensure an enabling environment for ICT to facilitate inclusive and sustainable development routes in a safe and secure Internet for business, Governments, and citizens alike.
A fully interoperable policy and legal framework, strict respect for Human Rights, both online and offline.
An open and competitive market in the Internet and Internet enabled products and services, vital for many emerging SMEs in developing economies. And a sound policy development to facilitate the speedy adoption of new technologies that augment the use of Internet as a platform for innovation and economic growth.
ICC will double the efforts to ensure that the evolution of Internet Governance is good for business and good for society, staying faithful to the tenet that international trade, investment and a market economy with social responsibility are cornerstones for raising and spreading wealth.
Thank you for joining us here in Mexico for a new round of dialogue and progress for Internet Governance. We look forward to working with all actors for a more connected, inclusive and sustainable future for all of us.
[ Applause ]
>> C. MASANGO: Thank you very much. I'd like to welcome to the floor Mr. Jari Arkko, Chair of the IETF.
[ Applause ]
>> I'm very happy to be here in Mexico and the Conference. The topics of the week are very important and to begin with I wanted to join others who noted the IANA transition in their speech. I want to congratulate us all for successful completion of the project. The new arrangements are in effect and working well. They're done. Time to move on. Let's talk about on going efforts and future challenges. Many of you have noted the important task of connecting the remaining billions of people to the Internet. That is a very important task and it's still ahead of us but ladies and gentlemen that is not enough. Not just a matter of high‑speed broadband. Quantity and quality. The openness, the local or localized content and excess surveillance. Three years ago I was at the first IGF in Bali. At the time Snowden revelations came to light and I talked about how we at IETF started to react to it and asked for your help in working together on this topic.
Many things have happened since then and I wanted to give you a brief report on where we are. In short, the IGF decided surveillance is like any other threat. Something we need to do our best in protecting against. We have been updating protocols to help with this. We replace weak algorithms. If you want to know about the details I'd like to refer you to an Article that appeared today in the register. I think my colleagues may be Tweeting that URL as we speak.
At the same time, the world's service providers have also taken steps in improving security. As an indication of a big global change encrypted traffic is now a maturity of traffic in many networks. One of the efforts that we currently are working with at the IETF is a new transport protocol likely to replace many of the current TCP connections providing security and efficiency benefits to users. Maybe this new protocol is just a detail but it's actually also an architectural change in that it puts the end points and applications even more in charge than they have been before.
Expect to see much faster technology evolution when changes do not require kernel updates as an example.
And whale technology is not a solution to all of this openness and other problems, we also need other aspects, and while there's plenty of work left to do each technically for instance helping operators deal with traffic management in an all encrypted world, I'm still proud of the progress to date. I look forward to working with you all on the next steps. So thank you.
[ Applause ]
>> E.B. TORRES: Thank you, Mr. Arkko. The next speaker is Ms. Michele Woods, Director, Copyright Law Division, WIPO.
[ Applause ]
>> M. Woods: On behalf of the WIPO Director‑General, Francis Curry, we welcome the opportunity to participate in this important meeting on enabling sustainable and inclusive growth. The world intellectual property organization together with its 189 Member States works to promote an effective international intellectual property system that enables innovation and creativity for the economic, social, and cultural development of all countries.
Some of you may say to yourselves, even if you are too polite to say it to us:
What does this have to do with Internet governance?Over the next few days we'll demonstrate again and again that in fact intellectual property and Internet Governance writ large have numerous areas of convergence. A well balanced and well‑functioning intellectual property system contributes to Inclusive and Sustainable Growth by both providing guarantees and incentives for innovation to take place and for creators to flourish and by providing for flexibilities and exceptions to the scope of protection that help to guarantee that the interests of society, the general public, and individual users and consumers are also taken into account.
Earlier today, WIPO joined in discussing the importance of finding the right balance in a lightning session on "finding the balance: access to knowledge and culture online." .
Much of that knowledge and culture is embodied in copyrighted content. We will offer programming here that illustrates both of these IP perspectives: The rights and the exceptions. And their importance for Sustainable Growth. This morning we heard film producers from developing economies in Africa, Asia, and Latin America discuss the importance of the intelluctual property system in setting up the legal framework and business environment for them to create local content. The Internet has created important new mechanisms for content creation, distribution, and consumption, which in turn have driven growth in the creative industries Sector of the economy. From the economic perspective, we see a growing awareness of the contribution of creative industries to National economies.
WIPO studies show that across developing transitional and developed economies, on average, the creative industries account for some 5.2% of GDP, and some 5.3% of total employment. More evidence is provided by our global innovation index which measures the innovation performance of over 140 countries. The broad GII vision of innovation includes familiar IGF themes of access and use, Internet freedom, knowledge diffusion, and online creativity, among others.
The results in recent years have reiterated that digital innovation is a key driver of economic growth. We've briefly touched now on the importance of content for the Internet ecosystem, and I want to address the other side of the balance. Tomorrow, in our WIPO open Forum, we will focus on the role of the Internet in implementing the flexibilities and exceptions to intellectual property rights. We will use the specific example of the WIPO Marrakesh Treaty. This Treaty embodying the values of the CRPD can exponentially improve the lives of many 285 million persons in the world who are blind and visually impaired because of the Internet. That will be the vehicle to allow the instant cross‑border transfer of accessible books in digital formats which will allow people in all member countries access to education, learning, and the complete expression of their own culture, despite their visual impairments and disabilities.
The Marrakesh Treaty development process is also relevant to the on going discussion here at the IGF about multilateralism and multistakeholderism. Stakeholders drove the progress of the Marrakesh Treaty at all stages. We'll be joining a discussion tomorrow on what lessons that hybrid, open, transparent process can bring to multilateral institutions.
We will also highlight the role of the public/private, multistakeholder WIPO accessible books consortium, the ABC, in making the promise of the Marrakesh Treaty a reality by using the Internet to move content across borders and the Internet will also be the key driver for WIPO's crucial contribution to the achievement of SDGs 9 and 19, with a focus on education, and innovation.
In general, the key IGF theme of increasing access to process, to content, and to distribution mechanisms has been an important recent focus of our work. We look forward to discussing both our new open access policy and our use of creative comments licensing with many of you the next few days.
I could go on and on through the entire Program with more examples of convergence between Internet Governance and intellectual property, but I'm sure those of you who are still here will be glad to hear I'm not going to do that exercise. Instead, I will simply ask you to partner with us to raise awareness of the intellectual property system and to ask Governments around the world to provide an appropriate framework to allow the Internet to deliver inclusive, Sustainable Growth to all economies. Thank you.
[ Applause ]
>> C. MASANGO: Thank you very much, Ms. Woods. The next and last but certainly not least speaker is English near José Luis Saca Jiménez, President of the international Association of broadcasting.
[ Applause ]
>> Jose Luis Saca Jimenez: Thank you. I will be brief I know. I'm the last one to speak in this session. First of all, I'm Jose Luis Saca Jimenez, President of the international Association of broadcasting which is one of the 8 Members of the world meetings on broadcasting and it is an honor for me to present my speech here today at the IGF.
And as well as I have done so in the past in the IGF fora.
I would like to comment that the international Association of Associationing has been port of this process the past few years especially since it has been organized with the European Union for broadcasting and the World Summit on broadcasting and we will ‑‑ we have supported and we will keep supporting the IGF in its following years.
We are looking towards 10 more years during which we can do many things and overcome many challenges and leave things behind, set standards and quality standards for all of us. Of course, we seek to establish Sustainable Development for all of our country, and wish to support content providers around the world. We are also a fundamental part of democracy, and keep promoting freedom of expression.
We support the United Nations' objectives, especially when it comes to the SDGs. These are goals that we share with all of you, and we know that along with the progress of the Internet and broadcasters, we will be able to profit greatly from all of these technologies.
Let's not forget that it is through the free reception media that is used around the world, over 95% of radio and over 80% regarding television, that we seek to overcome and achieve these goals.
In this way, the Internet can also be developed in other areas of this Sector. Finally I would like to say this step being taken here in Guadalajara is a very important one regarding all of the goals that broadcasters share around the world, regarding the progress of our societies. Thank you.
[ Applause ]
>> C. MASANGO: Thank you very much. With these comments I think we have concluded the opening session, and I would like to thank all of you who stayed behind. Thank you very much. And I wish you all a very pleasant and fruitful IGF 2016. Thank you.
[ Applause ]
[ End of Session – 18:45 ]
This text is being provided in a rough draft format. Communication Access Realtime Translation (CART) is provided in order to facilitate communication accessibility and may not be a totally verbatim record of the proceedings.