Managing Internet Addresses: Global and regional viewpoint

16 November 2009 - A Workshop on Critical Internet Resources in Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt


The current system of managing Internet address space involves five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs), which together share a global responsibility delegated to them by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), to guarantee the fair distribution and responsible management of IP addresses and the related numeric resources that are required for the stable and reliable operation of the Internet. In particular, the Internet numeric resources allocated, assigned, and registered by RIRs are Internet address numbers (IPv4 and IPv6), AS numbers and reverse Resolution. 

In the last 16 years, the Regional Internet Registry system has evolved into a stable, robust environment for Internet address management. Further the specific approaches across the RIRs, they all operate on a basic principle of open, transparent, consensus-based decision-making, following a self-regulatory model, based on a broad and multistakeholder participation in their activities. 

The activities and services of each of the RIRs are defined, performed, discussed in open forums within each of their communities, accomplishing a bottom-up decision-making process. 

Beyond their registry function, the RIRs have an important role in educating and informing their communities. The activities carried out by the individual RIRs vary, but include open policy meetings, training courses, seminars, outreach activities, statistical reporting, research and projects related to whois, RPKI, cybersecurity and encouraging the launching of IXPs, among others.

Additionally, a crucial role for the RIRs is to represent the interests of their communities by participating in global forums and cooperating with other stakeholders involved in Internet addressing issues.

The aim of this workshop is to present detailed information about the functioning and main activities that the RIRs develop, including description and analysis of their processes (PDP, allocation process, criteria and evaluation of the requests), their involvement in the projects to foster the Information Society and their current challenges in the management of the Internet resources.

Previous editions of IGF Workshops have emphasized in expositions various organizations, achieving the multi-stakeholders goal but not allowing enough participation from the general audience. In this workshop we would like to introduce a novel methodology. In the first 30 minutes will be allocated two fifteen minutes presentations (main speakers) that will explain in detail the daily work at the RIRs (registry services) and the role of the RIRs within the Internet Regional communities. In the second 30 minutes of the workshop, a panel of 4 people acting as commentators will introduce their perspective, comments and questions on the topics addressed in previous presentations using 5-7 minutes slots. Finally, there will be 30 minutes of open microphone and debate with participation from the audience, the commentators and the main speakers.

A general schedule of the workshop will include:

14:00 Raúl Echeberría (CEO, LACNIC)

14:05 – 14:30 hs
Managing Internet addresses (2 speakers) 
- The Regional Internet Registry System (role, PDP, bottom-up process) 
Speaker: Haitham El-Nakhal (Egyptian Telecom Regulatory Authority – Egypt)
- Analyzing resource requests: present and future (principles, criteria, policies, assessment, challenges)
Speaker: Germán Valdez (Communications Area Manager APNIC)

14:30 – 15:00 hs
Panel of Commentators (7-8 min / commentator): 
- A Governmental vision: Jose Vitor Carvalho Hansem (Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Brazil)
- A Governmental vision: Maria Hall (Sweeden Government)
- Civil Society vision: Willie Currie (Manager, Communications and Information Policy Programme, APC)
- Private perspective: John Sweeting (Director of Network Engineering, Time Warner Cable, USA)

The workshop panel will be integrated by representatives from different groups and viewpoints, in order to openly reflect, jointly with the audience, the special characteristics of the RIR’s system, their particularities, weaknesses, and challenges. 

15:00 – 15:30 hs
Open Mic

Vladimir Radunovic (DIPLO Foundation) 

The methodology was selected to offer clear and objective information about daily work of RIR. Moreover a multistakeholder panel including different perspective should help the participants to have a complete vision about RIR role, responsibilities, its main tasks and its impact on the Internet functionality. Finally, the public will be able to make questions and give their opinion.

Moderator role: a person who guide the workshop, timing, and promoting the participation without making personal comments or giving his/her opinion. 


Raúl Echeberría – CEO, LACNIC, 4-year member AG-IGF
Raúl Echeberría, of Uruguayan nationality, has been Executive Director of LACNIC (the Internet Address Registry for Latin America and the Caribbean) since 2002.
Between 1998 and 2002 he was member of the Board of Directors of the Latin American Network Forum (ENRED), and he was also member of ICANN's Name Council on behalf of the non-commercial constituency when it was first created in 1999.

During the past few years, Mr. Echeberría has been actively involved in the entire process of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). Since 2004 he participated in the Working Group on Internet Governance (WGIG) created by the United Nations Secretary General and played a relevant role in the negotiations that took place in relation to this issue at the Summit in Tunis as a member of the Uruguayan delegation present at the Summit. His role in the great efforts that were necessary to achieve an agreement on Internet Governance deserved a public recognition from Ambassador Masood Khan, chair of the negotiations.
In May 2006 he was once again distinguished by the United Nations Secretary General, being chosen to be a part of the Internet Governance Forum's Multistakeholder Advisory Group, and in 2007, 2008 and 2009 he was appointed again by the new Secretary General to continue working as a member of this group.
In November of 2007, Mr. Echeberría was one of the panelists at the main session on Critical Internet Resources at the IGF meeting in Rio de Janeiro and in 2008 he was panelist at the main session on Internet Institutional Arrangements at the IGF meeting in Hyderabad, India. 
Raúl Echeberría is very active within the Latin American community in all matters relating to the Information Society. He regularly participates in regional intergovernmental and non-intergovernmental forums.
Since 2008, Echeberría is a member of the Board of Trustees of Internet Society (ISOC), and in July of 2009 he was designated as Chairman of the Board, turning him the first Latin American to occupy this position.

Haitham El-Nakhal - ICT Technical Affairs Advisor, Egyptian Telecom Regulatory Authority
Haitham El-Nakhal is an ICT Technical Affairs Advisor
in the Egyptian Telecom Regulatory Authority. He got his B.Sc. degree in communication engineering from Cairo University in 1998. Then he got his IT diploma in 1999 from Information Technology Institute. Since that he’s working in expanding IT and Internet access, and developing LIRs’ regulations in Egypt. Operate and manage Cairo Internet Exchange Point (CAIX) and responsible of the Egyptian IPv6 task force. Also he’s AfriNIC PDP’s vice chair; participate in developing policies used by the African RIR.

Germán Valdez – Communications Area Manager, APNIC
Germán Valdez Avilés is the Communications Area Manager at APNIC, the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) for the Asia Pacific. He is responsible for coordinating and integrating all communications and public relations activities for APNIC. He provides strategic direction for all communications activities throughout the organization.

In the past, Germán was responsible for the coordination of development of the Domain Names Policies under the .mx Country Code Top Level Domain (ccTLD). For two years, he was an active member of the ICANN Address Council, representing the Latin American region. He was also a founding member of the ICANN Nominating Committee and the Board of Directors from the Latin American and Caribbean Internet Addresses Registry (LACNIC).

From 2003-2007, Germán was the Policy and External Relations Manager at LACNIC. In this position, Germán's responsibilities included creating and maintaining LACNIC's institutional relationships with different Internet stakeholders within the Latin America and Caribbean region, including governmental organizations, civil society, academia, cooperate organizations, and so forth, as well as representing LACNIC at different regional forums and meetings at a political and technical level.

Germán has ten years of experience in Internet coordination at an international level in the field of IP addressing and DNS services. He is committed and diplomatic, with an excellent understanding of institutional relationships and their value. He has broad experience in presenting, moderating, and participating in different international forums and meetings of a governmental, technical, and private nature.

Jose Vitor Carvalho Hansem – Deputy Head, Division of Information Society, Ministry of External Relations, Brazil
Mr. Vitor Hansem has a bachelor's degree in computer sciences from the University of São Paulo, Brazil, and a master's degree in Diplomacy from the Rio Branco Institute, Brazil. He focused on the analysis of the WSIS process.

Mr. Vitor Hansem began his professional activities as a software engineer at Itautec, Brazil, and for 10 years, served as a consultant on corporate systems and retail software solutions for companies in Brazil and in the United States. He has been a career diplomat since 2003 and has served as the desk for information society in the Brazilian Ministry of External Relations since 2006."

Willie Currie – Communications and Information Policy Programme Manager, APC
Willie Currie is the Communications and Information Policy Programme Manager of the Association for Progressive Communications (APC) and works on APC’s national, regional and global strategies regarding communications and information policy. Willie was formerly a councilor on the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA). In the mid 90s, he coordinated the telecommunications policy process that led to the South African government's White Paper on Telecommunications Policy.

Maria Hall - Deputy Director, Division for Information Technology Policy, Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications, Government Offices of Sweden
Maria Hall is now working as a Deputy Director at Government Offices of Sweden/Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications, Stockholm she is working at the Division for IT Policy and my areas are Internet Governance, e-governance, e-inclusion, robust IT infrastructure and IT Policy in general.
Before, she has been working as IT Strategist at Swedish Association for Local Authorities and Counties with broadband and IT infrastructure issues. And before that she was manager for the city Network GavleNet (MAN in municipality Gävle in the middle of Sweden) at Gävle Energy Company. And before that she was IT manager at the municipality Sandviken (where they built up an optical fiber city network).
She is a master of science in computer science from Luleå Technical University.
Her (personal) "heart" issues/interests are open, resilient Internet with freedom of choice of services, freedom of speech and effective competition and environment for innovation an growth.

John Sweeting - Director of Network Engineering, Time Warner Cable, USA
John is currently the Director of Network Engineering at Time Warner Cable, working out of their Herndon, VA office. His team is responsible for engineering of the Time Warner Cable backbone and providing standards, documentation and guidance for the regional networks. He spent the previous 12 years working on the engineering teams of international carriers, MCI, Cable & Wireless and Teleglobe (Tata Communications) building out global backbones. He has been involved with ARIN since its inception and has experience with several of the Regional Internet Registries. He is the current Chair of the ARIN Advisory Council and is serving his third term. John has over 30 years of experience in telecommunications and engineering networks.

Vladimir Radunović, Coordinator of IG Programmes of DiploFoundation
Vladimir Radunović is the coordinator of the Internet Governance and Policy educational and training programmes with DiploFoundation since 2005. He has been a key resource person in delivering several online and in-situ trainings in IG, and has also been a speaker on IG related issues and global process, online learning, capacity development and community building, and development of national ICT strategies at a number of regional conferences in Europe, Africa, Middle East and Asia.

Mr. Radunović has actively participated in the global process since WSIS Geneva meeting in 2003. His current focus is on capacity development, education of policy makers and community building, policy and process negotiations, broadband and access policy, network neutrality, cyber-security and Internet safety, strategies for bridging digital divide.

Mr. Radunović has graduated in Electrical Engineering with the University of Belgrade, Serbia, and is a candidate for Master in Contemporary Diplomacy with the University of Malta. He has worked as an IT administrator with the Alternative Academic Educational Network and B92 Media House. Currently he is also a Managing Director of AVAcom Ing, an ICT-deployment company based in Belgrade, Serbia.