The ICANN's new generic Top Level Domain (gTLD) programme is a big topic within the Internet industry, but appears to have received little community interest with only 4% of new gTLD applications marked as being community-related. Few measures have been taken to facilitate the participation and engagement of communities, particularly those from the developing world. Keeping in mind that the Internet should remain open and diverse, the new gTLD process should also reflect this principle and support the participation of communities and NGOs in addition to that of businesses. This workshop will consider the implications and potential of new gTLDs for community engagement, advocacy and development. It aims to uncover the difficulties encountered by some communities in participating in the new gTLD process and to identify the type of support needed for effective engagement.