Cybersecurity: Safeguarding the Global Internet and Emerging Issues / Opportunities for Developing Countries TechAmrica and AfriNIC

28 September 2011 - A Workshop on Security in Nairobi, Kenya


Effective cybersecurity requires effective transnational and global cooperation, as well as true multi-stakeholder engagement from governments, industry and citizens. This workshop will focus on three key issues of cybersecurity and the emerging issues/opportunities for developing countries: 1) legal/policy framework for public-private partnerships on cybersecurity; 2) perspectives on network survivability and cybersecurity; 3) perspectives on security threats and responses in developing countries, including capacity building efforts. In the course of the session, panelists and participants will share experiences and explore how they can develop and enhance national frameworks, law enforcement capacity and cross border cooperation, protecting individual users, and CSIRT/CERT capacity/operations. The discussion will also focus on the impact of local cybersecurity threats on the global interconnection ecosystem, the emerging role of developing countries in global efforts, and the tools available to support improved multi-stakeholder engagement on cybersecurity. AfriNIC will publish a short guide to the issues to be discussed during this session on its website a few weeks prior to the IGF, and the issues will be included on the AfriNIC June meeting. TechAmerica will organize a cybersecurity workshop at the IGF-USA in July.



A brief substantive summary and the main events that were raised:
Three key themes:

1. National attention to the issues of cybersecurity is important.
2. Cybersecurity is a shared responsibility, and collaboration is key.
3. Complexity of the Internet and Cybersecurity is a real issue.

(for more detail in additional document.


Conclusions and further comments:
- Need for the development of Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs)
- Regional and international components of cybersecurity are crucially important, so need to look outward for engagement
- Important to foster intra-government collaboration
- Need to look at policy making in a different way; policy should not hamper Internet use
- Cross border cooperation is key
- Capacity building is a key component of raising competence globally on cybersecurity
- Policymaking needs to consider cybersecurity and fundamental human rights - not necessarily inherent tension
- A treaty is not the answer - technology moves too fast; collaborative action will have more impact.