Regulatory Frameworks for Improving Access

12 November 2007 - A Workshop on Access in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Regulation is how policies are put into practice. But, experience has shown that there is not necessarily a trouble-free transition from the conceptual to the real world. For telecom (and other recently privatised sectors) despite expectations for market solutions to improve infrastructure development and deployment, there are still substantial access gaps beyond the reach of the market, especially for rural areas.

Rural connectivity and especially access to Internet services requires regulatory intervention in the forms of proactive regulation that encourages (or at least does not prohibit) alternative forms of access such as community owned networks; and universal access instruments which can be used to subsidise infrastructure roll-out or stimulate investment in the sector by offering incentives.

This workshop will explore the role of regulation in promoting equitable deployment and affordable access to communications infrastructure at international, regional and national levels.


International Development Research Center [IDRC/CRDI]

Learning Initiative on Reforms for Network Economies [LIRNE.NET]

Association for Progressive Communications [APC]


Edwin San Roman Edwin San Roman is an independent consultant with 15 years experience in Internet applications, Rural Telecommunications and Regulatory issues. He was formerly the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Supervisory Agency of Private Investments in Telecommunications in Peru (OSIPTEL) and former President of Latin American Forum of Telecommunications Regulators (Regulatel). 

Helani Galpaya is Director, Strategic Development at the Learning Initiatives on Reforms for Network Economies; Asia (LIRNEasia). At present her research includes measuring regulatory risk across countries, and identifying opportunities for ICTs to reduce transaction costs and increase product traceability in agricultural markets.

Radhika Lal is a Policy Advisor on ICT for Poverty Reduction & MDGs in the Bureau for Policy Development, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

Ilkka Lakaniemi
 is Head of Global Political Dialogue and Initiatives at Nokia Siemens Networks.

Abi Jagun is Africa ICT Policy Research Coordinator Association for Progressive Communications. She is also a Research Fellow at the Department of Management Science, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow.


Background Reading:

Workshop report “Approaches for Deploying IP-based Network Infrastructure in Developing Countries” (IGF, Athens, 2006): official workshop report.  

Mahan, Amy and William H. Melody (eds). (2007) Diversifying Participation in Network Development. Uruguay, World Dialogue on Regulation for Network Economies.

O Siochru, Sean and Bruce Girard (2005) Community-based Networks and Innovative Technologies. UNDP.

Samarajiva, Rohan; Helani Galpaya, and Dimuthu Ratnadiwakara (2007) Telecom Regulatory Environment (TRE) : assessment, methodology and implementation results from five emerging economies. Presentation at 35th Telecom Policy Research Conference, Fairfax VA, USA, Sep 28 – 30, 2007.