In recent years, developing countries, civil society organizations, and concerned academics have worked to promote broad development agendas in the international institutions and policy debates dealing with such issues as trade and intellectual property. But in the field of Internet governance, no parallel initiative has taken shape. Development concerns were raised during the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) process, but they were not systematically explored as elements of a holistic, multi-institutional agenda. Moreover, there was no broad consensus as to what kinds of governance initiatives would most directly promote development, as opposed to satisfying political objectives. And in the post-WSIS period, development generally has been discussed in relation to capacity building, rather than substantive policies and institutional design. To help fill the void, this workshop would foster multistakeholder dialogue on the potential utility and outlines of a development agenda, and would explore such questions as:
- What are the potential risks and rewards of pursuing a holistic development agenda? What challenges would need to be met in order to have a positive, constructive dialogue?
- Are there lessons to be learned from development agendas in other international arenas?
- In which of the many arrangements involved in governing the Internet and its usage can we identify specific substantive and procedural measures that promote development? Can we identify good or even best practices of generalizable applicability? What could governmental and nongovernmental mechanisms learn from each other in this regard?
- In which of the many Internet governance arrangements can we identify specific substantive and procedural barriers to development? If such barriers can be clearly identified, are there functionally and politically feasible options for reform?
- What is the relationship between development and the implementation of the WSIS principles, e.g. transparency and inclusive participation in Internet governance? How might cooperation be enhanced in this arena?
- How could a development agenda best be taken forward given the distributed architecture of Internet governance? What roles could the Internet Governance Forum and related groupings play in such an effort?
This workshop builds on the research papers and panel discussion on the same topic to be presented at the 11 November Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) symposium at the IGF Rio conference site http://www.igloo.org/giganet, and on a February 2007 brainstorming meeting held at the Graduate Institute for International Studies in Geneva http://hei.unige.ch/psio/fichiers/drake_report_14-02-07.doc.
Project on the Information Revolution and Global Governance, Program for the Study of International Organization(s), Graduate Institute for International Studies, Geneva
Federal Office of Communication, Government of Switzerland
Brazilian Internet Steering Committee, CGI.br
Consultative Committee on UN Information Technology, China Association for Science and Technology
Internet Society of China
Association for Progressive Communications
Center for Global Communications, International University of Japan
Dr. William J. Drake, Director, Project on the Information Revolution and Global Governance, Graduate Institute for International Studies, Geneva, Switzerland
Cristiano Berbert, Second Secretary, Permanent Mission to the United Nations in Geneva, Brazil
Olga Cavalli, advisor to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and representative to the Governmental Advisor Committee of ICANN, Argentina
Raúl Echeberría, Executive Director, LACNIC (Internet Address Registry for Latin America and the Caribbean), Uruguay
Anriette Esterhuysen, Executive Director, Association for Progressive Communications, South Africa
Peter H. Hellmonds, Head of Corporate Social Responsibility, Nokia Siemens Networks, Germany
Cristiano Berbert is a Brazilian career diplomat, currently posted in the Permanent Mission of Brazil in Geneva. He has a degree in Law from the Universidade Federal da Bahia and a post-degree in Diplomacy from the Instituto Rio Branco, Brazil´s diplomatic academy. Berbert participated in both phases of the World Summit on the Information Society, including its preparatory process, and took part in the negotiations that led to the creation of the Internet Governance Forum. In Geneva, since January 2006, he has been involved with telecommunications, information society and IP issues. He has been covering the ITU, UNCTAD´s Commission on Science and Technology for Development, the IGF, the WTO Group on Trade and Transfer of Technology, the TRIPS Council and WIPO.
Olga Cavalli is a ICT and Internet specialist with large experience in project management, market research, competitive analysis, public policy and regulations. Ms. Cavalli is a university professor, and a member of the Advisory Group for the Internet Governance Forum.As an advisor of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Argentina, she has represented Argentina in the WSIS Second Phase held in Tunis, also in the GAC of ICANN (Governmental Advisor Committee). She is also involved in activities in the ccNSO of ICANN and in LAC TLD. Ms. Cavalli is the argentine focal point for the eLAC 2007 Regional Information Society Plan of Action, she is the coordinator of the Internet Governance Group in eLAC 2007 and was former coordinator of the Financing eLAC 207 working group. She has published papers and articles in many magazines and newspapers from Argentina and South America, about Internet, telecommunications and IT regulations and market. In the private sector she has worked as a consultant for many companies and non governmental organizations from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Uruguay, Venezuela, USA, Canada and Germany. Graduated as Electronic and Electric Engineer at Universidad de Mendoza, she has completed her background with and MBA at the Universidad del CEMA and a Masters Degree in Telecommunication Regulation at Universidad de Buenos Aires. Today she is a PHD Candidate at the PHD in Business Administration program at the Universidad del CEMA. She is a member of the Argentine Chapter of Internet Society (ISOC) and she is a Certified Engineer at the Consejo de Profesionales de Ingeniería Electrónica of Argentina, COPITEC.
William J. Drake is Director of the Project on the Information Revolution and Global Governance in the Program for the Study of International Organization(s) at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva, Switzerland. In addition, he is, inter alia, co-editor of the MIT Press book series, The Information Revolution and Global Politics; a member of the Steering Committee of the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet); and a former member of the Working Group on Internet Governance. Previously, he has been President of Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility; Senior Associate and Director of the Project on the Information Revolution and World Politics at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; Associate Director of the Communication, Culture and Technology Program, Georgetown University; and Assistant Professor of Communication at the University of California, San Diego. He received his Ph.D. in Political Science from Columbia University. Some of his publications include: Governing Global Electronic Networks (co-ed., MIT Press, forthcoming); Reforming Internet Governance (ed., United Nations, 2005); Information and Communications Technology for Peace (co-author, United Nations, 2005); From the Global Digital Divide to the Global Digital Opportunity (World Economic Forum, 2000); Toward Sustainable Competition in Global Telecommunication (Aspen Institute, 1999); Telecommunications in the Information Age (ed., U.S. Information Agency, 1998); and The New Information Infrastructure (ed., Twentieth Century Fund, 1995).
Raúl Echeberría, of Uruguayan nationality, has been Executive Director of LACNIC (Internet Address Registry for Latin America and the Caribbean) since 2002. He has a computer science degree from the University of the Republic of Uruguay and has a Masters degree in Information Technologies. Starting in the early 90s, for several years he was responsible for Technologies at the National Agriculture Research Institute of Uruguay, where he played an important role in the start up and development of the Internet in Uruguay. He has worked as a private consultant both at national as well as international level for private companies, governments, and international organizations. He has taught courses on at different universities and events held within the region. Mr. Echeberría is frequently a presenter at numerous forums around the world. He was member of the Board of Directors of the Latin American Network Forum (ENRED), member of ICANN's Name Council in 1999, President of LACNIC's Board of Directors between 2000 and 2002, Investigator hired by Oxford University in 2000-2001 and coordinator of the APC program "ICT Policy Monitor in Latin America and the Caribbean" during 2002. He is the author of numerous published articles and investigations. Mr. Echeberría has been actively involved in the entire process of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). Between 2004 and 2005, he participated in the Working Group on Internet Governance (WGIG) created by the United Nations Secretary General and played a relevant role in the negotiations that took place in relation to this issue at the Summit in Tunis.In May 2006 he was once again distinguished by the United Nations Secretary General, being chosen to be a part of the Internet Governance Forum's Multistakeholder Advisory Group and in 2007 has been recently re-designated by the new Secretary General to continue working as a member of that group.
Anriette Esterhuysen (South Africa) is the Executive Director of the Association for Progressive Communications, an international networked organization established in 1990 that focuses on the use of information and communication technologies by civil society for social justice and development. She was Executive Director of SANGONeT, an internet service provider and ICT training institution for the development sector in South Africa from 1993 to 2000. Prior to that she worked in development and in human rights organisations involved in the struggle against Apartheid in South Africa. She is a founder of Women'sNet, a national women's network in South Africa and has served on the African Technical Advisory Committee of the UN's Economic Commission for Africa's African Information Society Initiative and on the United Nations ICT Task Force from 2002-5. She serves on the governing bodies of Isis Women's International Cross Cultural Exchange in Uganda, the Global e-Schools & Communities Initiative (GeSCI), and Ungana Afrika, a South African e-rider network.
Peter H. Hellmonds is Head of Corporate Social Responsibility at Nokia Siemens Networks, and is based in Munich, Germany. Before assuming this position, he was Vice President of Public and International Affairs at the Communications group of Siemens AG in Germany. He is a member of the Public Affairs working group of BITKOM, the German ICT industry association, and leads the German Broadband Initiative, a special project of the German ICT Initiative D21. He was involved in the WSIS process, especially with regard to Internet Governance, IGF, and the WSIS Follow-up and Implementation. Peter also supported the World Economic Forum Digital Divide Initiative, the Digital Opportunities Task Force of the G8 and the UN ICT Task Force. In 2006, he was appointed to the Commission on E-Business, IT and Telecommunications of the ICC, the Communications Working Group of the German UNESCO Commission, and the Strategy Council of the UN Global Alliance for ICT and Development. Peter Hellmonds holds a Master of Public Affairs from the Princeton University, a Diploma in International Studies from Johns Hopkins University, and a Bachelor of Science in Foreign Service from Georgetown University.