People and institutions are getting more and more reliant on the Internet. During and after the large-scale disasters in recent years, diverse and creative use of the Internet-based services are observed such as Ushahidi, Person Finders, twitter, and Open Street Map using GPS to name a few.
As threats of natural disasters have increased due to environmental degradation and climate change impacts, Internet and information and communication technologies (ICTs) have become the key source to prevent, detect and mitigate natural disasters, making public safety a priority in all countries.
In Indonesia, The Aceh tsunami (2004) and Mount Merapi eruption (2010) were some natural disaster cases that caused lost in economic and human lives, as well as environmental destruction. There were also problems due to the lack of ICT-based resource management, poor infrastructure, and slow response by the government. These factors led to the promotion of ICT-based disaster management initiatives in Indonesia.
The big data such as TV news texts, tweets, Google search records, mobile phone geographic data, and car navigation records were examined during the Big Data Workshop in 2012 in Japan. Crisis response works are evolving at Google. Continued operation of disaster rescue ICT team is exercised in Indonesia and now being prepared in Japan.
This workshop will provide an overview on the use of Internet based services and ICTs for climate change adaptation, disaster risk reduction and disaster management; policy, legal and regulatory frameworks; international cooperation for disaster management in countries. In addition, this workshop will address how the use of “Big Data” will add new and potential capability for disaster management.
Most of these activities are guided under multi-stakeholder participation. And this workshop will provide latest updates with these activities and seek for ways to maximize the power of the Internet for disaster and environmental management in the multi-stakeholder framework.