Content creation, access to information, open Internet

23 October 2013 - A Workshop on Openness in Bali, Indonesia

Internet Governance Forum 2013

Workshop # 59 Report

Content creation, access to information, open Internet

Organizer Name 

Lanteri Paolo

Organizer Entity 

World Intellectual Property Organization

Workshop Theme 

Legal Frameworks and Cyber-crime (Spam, Cyber-security, etc.)

Consise description 

 

This Thematic Workshop aims at identifying the new trends in creative content, creation and distribution in the digital environment, and discussing policy challenges lying ahead to ensure a continuous widespread access to a diverse and rich knowledge.

Access to information constitutes a vital tool for spreading knowledge, culture and science, insofar as a significant amount of the world’s human heritage lies in information content and in a vast amount of content, which is being created, distributed and made available for massive consumption. Notwithstanding the way the Internet facilitates access to information, there has been an ongoing debate relating to the scope and boundaries of access users should be allowed to have in some forms of content. Over the past few years in particular, copyright regimes have been struggling how to reconcile the easiness of access conducted through the Internet whilst, at the same time, retaining their ability to provide adequate forms of protection to creators of copyrighted works without compromising rights of access under principles of fair use or fair dealing. Therefore, the critical interrelation between copyright and the promotion of access to knowledge will be explored. The panelists will discuss about the ways in which the Internet, under its current architecture and design, supports notions relating to ‘innovation without permission’ and open standards (which help providing interoperability and maximizing access to resources and services). The discussions will also focus on the variety of tools that are developing within the traditional copyright structure, aiming at positively impacting access to knowledge (such as the Creative Commons licenses, or flexibilities on exceptions and limitations to copyright).

Panelists will put forward their ideas on if and how copyright should adapt to current technological realities linked to the open-internet environment. For instance, smart phone devices, legal music services or advertisement-financed business models are expanding exponentially the possibilities for online distribution and consumption; at the same time, however, they also challenge the current legal and economic functioning of the copyright ecosystem. The discussion will therefore focus on these new emerging markets and opportunities that are providing dynamic and flexible possibilities for the dissemination of content. This panel will also aim at analyzing the new approaches in the distribution of creative content, in particular through the emerging roles of Internet intermediaries, Social Networking Sites (SNS) and User-Generated Content (UGC).  In parallel, the discussions will focus on whether there is a need to develop a coherent regulatory framework to facilitate the distribution of content, whilst maintaining the necessary incentives for content production.  A reflection on how to make creative content as widely available as possible for access and re-use of information and creative material will also be undertaken.

This panel will therefore provide an opportunity for policy discussions on the impact of digital technologies in the future developments of copyright, and in the existing solutions aiming at achieving a balance between content creations on the one hand, and access to knowledge on the other.

 

Agenda 

CONTENT CREATION, ACCESS TO INFORMATION AND THE OPEN INTERNET Bali, October 2013 Organized by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and the Internet Society (ISOC) PROVISIONAL PROGRAM 5-10 minutes - Introduction from moderator, Konstantinos Komaitis, ISOC 45-50 minutes panel discussion Panelists: Ms. Susan Chalmers, Internet NZ Ms. Ellen Broad, International Federation of Library Association (IFLA) Ms. Wendy Seltzer, World Wide Web Consortium Mr. Glenn Deen, NBC/Universal Mr. Andres Guadamuz, Contributor Agreements Mr. Paolo Lanteri, WIPO 30-35 minutes Questions and answers Remote moderator: Luca Belli, ISOC Agenda details: This workshop will focus on the interrelationship between content creation, access and Internet architecture. Panelists will be asked to provide their views on how they view the Internet as the host of content and as the vehicle that incentivizes or disincentivizes the creation of content. Amongst other things, the discussion will cover issues, including: • ways of distribution • facilitation of content use • creation of content • local content • (re)use of content • A2I - and awareness of copyright • Digital content business models • Licensing considerations in open collaborative projects

Moderator 

Konstantinos Komatis, ISOC

Remote Moderator 

Luca Belli, ISOC

Have you organized workshops at previous IGFs?

No

Workshop format 

Panel

Workshop Transcript 

Transcript

Brief substantive summary of the workshop and presentation of the main issues that were raised during the discussions 

 

The panel addressed the following issues:

-          Ways in which the copyright system fosters and rewards creativity.

-          The importance of maintaining the Internet as an open and standardized framework.

-          How the traditional demarcation between creators and users is blurring in some contexts.  Reasons why both professional and non professional authors are contributing to the overall health of the system.

-          Technology neutral copyright policy.  In the Internet age, copyright policy and norm setting should work with the architecture of the Internet, not against it.

-          The relation between development of Internet standards and copyright; and ways in which they can work well together.   

-          The possible concerns related to the development of closed standards in relation to content creation and access.

-          Beyond the law, the relevance of licensing in the ways content is distributed and accessed; and the possible need to increase regulation of this subject matter.

-          The balance between copyright protection, limitations and exceptions and open licenses.

-          Licensing practices which may erode or impact on copyright limitations and exceptions.

 

Conclusions drawn from the workshop and further comments 

 

-          The copyright system continues to be relevant, but will need to adapt to the new ways content is created and distributed, used and built upon, and to the way the Internet evolves.  Both normative and non-normative solutions need to be taken into account.

-          The common interest in access to culture and information should be taken into account in devising policies.

-          The way in which the Internet evolves should not be unduly affected by copyright regulation. Therefore policies related to both areas should be compatible and balanced.

-          Standard setting organizations who have a role to play by providing and developing standards, while being policy neutral in those developments, should not hinder the practice.

-          User Generated Content plays an increasingly important role; but professional creators and the industry are still essential. 

-          Given that licensing practices are crucial elements in setting how content distribution works in practice, more attention should be devoted to them.

-          Everyone is a creator and thus the need to adapt copyright with the Internet is crucial.

-          Policy and technology should work closer and in a collaborative manner.

 

Reported by 

Paolo Lanteri

Estimate the overall number of women participants present at the session 

About half of the participants were women

To what extent did the session discuss gender equality and/or women's empowerment? 


It was not seen as related to the session theme and was not raised

Discussion affecting gender equality and women's empowerment 

not applicable

Workshops Staticals 
Number of FEMALE participantsNumber of MALE participantsNumber of Young participantsNumber of Developing Countries ParticipantsNumber of Developed Countries ParticipantsNumber of LDCs participantsNumber of TOTAL Participants
70 70 15 25 40 5 140