Emerging Technologies: Fostering benefits, managing risks through multistakeholder governance

12 November 2018 - A Main Session on Other in Paris, France

“Emerging Technologies: Fostering benefits, managing risks through multistakeholder governance”

- Session Type: Panel discussion - Main Session

- Title: Emerging Technologies: Fostering benefits, managing risks through multistakeholder governance

- Date & Time: Monday, 12 November 2018, 10:00-11:20

- Organizer(s): Christoph Steck, Nataša Glavor, Wafa Dahmani, Raquel Gatto

- Chair/Moderator: Vladimi Radunović, Ogla Cavalli

- Rapporteur/Notetaker: Gonzalo Lopez-Barajas Huder

- List of speakers and their institutional affiliations (Indicate male/female/ transgender male/ transgender female/gender variant/prefer not to answer):

–     Lorena Jaume-Palasi, Civil Society, Germany, WEOG, Algorithmic Decision Making Manifesto - Algorithm Watch(female)

–     Layla El Asri, Private Sector, Western European and Others Group (WEOG), Research Manager (female)

–     Satish Babu, Chair, APRALO, ICANN At-Large, Asia-Pacific Group (male)

–     Maart en Botterman, Civil Society, WEOG, ICANN Board, Dynamic Coalition on the Internet of Things (male)

–     David Redl,Government (USA) Assistant Secretary for Communications and Information at the United States Department of Commerce.  (male)

 

- Theme (as listed here):

  1. How should governance for the development and adoption of emerging technologies be approached?
  2. How can transparency and accountability be assured? What does it mean for each technology?
  3. How are ethics to be considered from a policy perspective? Can ethical considerations be enshrined in technologies? Are there relevant approaches that could be shared as best practices?

(3) key messages of the discussion. 

- accountability of algorithmic decisions: transparency of code is a first step, but interpretability of Algorithms might be needed; a question from the audience even raised the issue defining a human responsibility and accountability for any decision taken by AI.

- Code is a reflexion of the people who have coded and influenced it, it changes over time and across cultures, so is there some global ethics? Nevertheless ethics might be needed to guide a responsible approach to AI when regulation and laws can not keep up with the speed of technology developments

- it is needed to be more focused on people already in its development

- Please elaborate on the discussion held, specifically on areas of agreement and divergence. 

It was noted emerging tech are not going to be ubiquitous and thus adoption is going to be an individual decision, but audience responded everyone is forced to move into the same direction and to adopt emerging tech.

Also disagreement on the question if emerging technology would need just compliance with consumer protection laws or specific ethics that go beyond mere compliance with regulation (that might be outdated due to the fast development of technology)

- Please describe any policy recommendations or suggestions regarding the way forward/potential next steps.

- instead of using ethics as something we need to enshrine in technologies, would it be better to use principles defined in UN Declaration on Human Rights that is less dependent on national, cultural and other differences and has a broader consensus within countries worldwide

- Fairness is first success of building ethical approach. Most people  agree algorithms should be fair, that means they should treat different groups of people equally (they should not be discriminating)

- What ideas surfaced in the discussion with respect to how the IGF ecosystem might make progress on this issue?

 - accountability of algorithmic decisions: transparency of code is a first step, but interpretability of Algorithms might be needed; a question from the audience even raised the issue defining a human responsible for any decision taken by AI.

- do we need a ethical approach to AI and algorithm or is it sufficient to have consumer protection and that people adopt these technologies voluntarily?

- Code is a reflexion of the people who have coded and influenced it, it changes over time and across cultures, so is there some global ethics? Nevertheless ethics might be needed to guide a responsible approach to AI when regulation and laws can not keep up with the speed of technology developments

-  Hands off approach on regulating AI, because consumer protection can protect people who have bought services.

- feedback from the audience proposed a global approach based on applying human rights as globally accepted values and standards to technology usage .

Ethics differ across cultures and geographies, but if we build technologies with a global approach, developers may need a single guidance.

- Please estimate the total number of participants. 200

- Please estimate the total number of women and gender-variant individuals present. 100

The panel was made up by 3 male and 2 females and co-moderators have been male and female. 

- To what extent did the session discuss gender issues, and if to any extent, what was the discussion? [100 words] This was a gender agnostic panel discussion :